Oxford, United Kingdom: Heinemann Educational Publishers. Complimenting this power, the Supreme Being is seen to have complete knowledge (Mbiti, 1991: 56), to be present everywhere (O’Donovan, 1995: 41), and to be eternal (Nyirongo, 1997: 11). I watched the news of Darfur on NBC tonight and I wondered about God and Africa. God has not left himself without a witness in Africa; no, he has clearly spoken through what has been made. Indeed, we must affirm that the Bible is correct when it asserts that God’s divinity and power have been plain since the creation of the world (Romans 1:19-20). The global God: multicultural evangelical views of God. Contact us here. Read reviews from world’s largest community for readers. Directed by Akin Omotoso. Grand Rapids, MI : BridgePoint Books. Check also for the Best African Mythology Booksthat cover this topic African Myths carry over from instances in the pas… God was African by John Nkemngong Nkengasong. Gods of different elements have been appointed as in the tradition in Africa. MBITI, J. The snares of African traditional religion in perspective. In Africa: Religions …of a high or creator God, remote from humans and beyond their comprehension or control. The biblical God says that sin is against him personally (Psalm 51:4), and causes him great offense (Hosea 9:15). African theology: its history, dynamics, scope and future. There is a remarkable innocence about the Gods of Africa. From these two beliefs it naturally follows that the Supreme Being is seen as almighty; for he has the power to do anything he desires (O’Donovan, 1995: 41). Most African cultures, if not all, believe in a Supreme Creator in one form or another. They seem naive and unworldly, believing the best of everyone and optimistically giving the benefit of the doubt to all and sundry. La mayor parte del continente profesa religiones tradicionales africanas, englobadas dentro del impreciso grupo conocido como animista.. El Islam tiene una presencia dominante en el norte, y destacada en el Sáhara, el Sahel, África Occidental y África Oriental. Early missionaries made a complete pig’s ear of their research in this respect and seem to have delighted in cataloging as many ‘heathen’ Gods as … The problem with the African concepts of God is that they go no further than speculation. The Creator is thought to have once lived on Earth, but left it for His Kingdom in the Sky because of human infractions. eds. (Copyright notice.) Thus, the God of the Bible is different to the Supreme Being of Africa in that he is knowable and relational. This is a list of African spirits and/or deities found within the traditional African religions. Lord deliver Bad leaders #áfrica #goodleaders#godhavemercy #jovalfabrics. Nairobi: East African Educational Publishers. This man honors God. 1980. Ahí es donde hay la … In attempting to answer this question we will examine their similarities and differences, and then we will consider whether African concepts of God¹ are more similar or dissimilar to the God of the Bible. Kwaku Ananse, a trickster god. 1985. It is not clear therefore how one arrives at the proper understanding of Jesus’ love. Notice that his argument is built on a fundamental continuity between the biblical God and the African God, and thus it is basically flawed. Attempting to distill the religious beliefs of about 1 billion people is no small task; especially when these people are at no point static in their beliefs. Therefore we clearly see that it is not the Supreme Being who is offended by these social ills. These similarities extend over both the character and the work of each deity. There may be spirits and ancestors floating around, but there’s only one God. By this Africans understand that God is not only kind, but that he does not do wrong. Even from the beginning. http://www.religion-online.org/showarticle.asp?title=1746, « Worth Hearing: Showbread - Matthias Replaces Judas. By this he is asserting that God has revealed himself in a general way through what has been created and in that sense he has spoken and continues to speak to every African. Traditional African belief is overwhelmingly monotheistic. God of thunder and lightning. The Supreme Being is likewise good (Mbiti, 1991: 55). So the question needs to be posed, “Are there any differences between the God of the Bible and the gods of Africa? Thus, at the point where revelation from the deity becomes re-creation into a new deity, it becomes impossible to see the biblical God as a continuity of the African God⁷ (Turaki, 1999: 160). Family trees coming soon! Consult Godchecker’s complete alphabetical list of African god and goddess names. Lastly God is a man made belief system. The gods of Africa or the God of the Bible? KATO, B. O’Donovan (1995: 41) goes as far as suggesting that “there is probably no native-born African who is not aware of the existence of God”. In addition to the belief in deity, the Supreme Being of Africa largely overlaps conceptually with the identity and work of the biblical God. I believe this assertion to be correct and so the question, “How do African concepts of God relate to the God of the Bible?” is most worthy of our consideration. The most important “spiritual” powers are usually associated… Read More African ideas of God: a symposium. O’Donovan (1995: 41) goes as far as suggesting that “there is probably no native-born African who is not aware of the existence of God”. I'm now back in Africa--in Southern Sudan, working as a nurse, learning and seeking to know God more daily. As we are counting down the hours to 2021, please know that we are keeping all our viewers, partners, and friends in our prayers for the new year ahead. According to the Wall Street Journal article, when the Swazi king failed to meet with him again in what was perceived as a snub on behalf of the king, Wilkinson decided to depart, stating publicly that his job was done and that God wanted him to leave Africa, but he informed his inner circle that he was "done with Swaziland, done with Africa and done with Dream for Africa." Return to essay, ⁴ In fact, Nyirongo (1997: 16) states, “That God revealed Himself to the pre-Christian African generations cannot be denied. Introduction to African religion. God is at work in Nigeria and Africa as a whole...We believe it! TURAKI, Y. Theological pitfalls in Africa. Also that he continues to speak to all the tribes of Africa who have not heard the Gospel can also not be denied. These are mostly into hunting and other practical subjects — with food, sex and booze as popular as always. 1950. 1991. Cape Town, South Africa: Potchefstroom University. Therefore, Africa has effectively made its own God. Therefore, we need to be aware of this idolatry and proclaim with great boldness the God of the Bible throughout Africa. Indeed, they can go no further because, although humans can pray to the Supreme Being in certain situations (O’Donovan, 1995: 42), he never interacts with, or personally reveals himself to, the people of Africa (Turaki, 1999: 160). The Gods, Goddesses, Spirits and legendary characters of African mythology. God of volcanos, the wilderness, and the river. A.W. África ha elegido para su canción como nominada un tema de Ariana Grande, "God is a woman", y con la que ha intentado convencer al público para seguir una semana más en la Academia. 2nd ed. The Gods have provided us with a robust privacy and cookie policy which all mortals are advised to read. 2001. We’ve tried to pin them down to a particular area if possible. Anansi - Depicted in numerous forms: a spider, a human or combinations thereof. Firstly, the God of the Bible is different to the African gods in that he is knowable and relational. In this communication he has told people what he is like and he has offered them the possibility of relationship. Please do not copy without permission. Thus, in this essay, the only plausible approach is to consider the views which hold a majority. God is ABOUT to give you MORE than ONE Stream of Income to FUND YOUR VISION in this 2021! When Kendem, a varsity instructor, returns to his native Lewoh countryside where he spent his childhood, he is seeking relief from the complexity of human civilization after attending the Fulbright Institute in the United States. These are vital questions which we shall now consider. Tozer (1994:11) famously suggests that “What comes into our minds when we think about God is the most important thing about us”. I agree with him. African Mythologies are credited for most happenings in their part of the world and revered as deities to be worshiped. In light of the above it seems that we should affirm the similarities between the biblical God and the African God. 1994. For all media enquiries please contact us here. 1975. Concepts of God in Africa book. Nyirongo (1997: 63) helpfully adds, “The responsibility belongs to those who are physically alive, but more especially to the ancestral spirits who are the custodians of the community”. Yet, these are surface cracks which reveal to us the much greater underlying problem of idolatry. With Hakeem Kae-Kazim, Sami Sabiti, Esmeralda Bihl, Hugh Masebenza. Also that he continues to speak to all the tribes of Africa who have not heard the Gospel can also not be denied”. This list also covers spirits and/or deities found within the Afro-American religions—which mostly derives from traditional African religions. Earth goddess and goddess of fertility. As a result, it is the community who is most offended, by these social ills, and it is they who take the responsibility to discipline the offender. It is clear that there is much in common between the biblical view of God and the African concept of the Supreme Being. But I would suggest that we rethink this strategy….balance honoring God, and health protection… — Ssempa = Gabriel Baaba Gwanga'Mujje (@martinssempa) March 23, 2020. The humans are left to fend for themselves. So if you live in the region and would like to comment, we’d love to hear from you. Not sure of the spelling? The S… Return to essay, ⁵ It is worth noting that most conceive sin to be originally against the Supreme Being, and that is what plunged the world into its current state (Nyirongo, 1997: 61). It was known and called an a religion. That God typically is not attributed a gender but in some cases is male or female; often God is given an immanent and visible aspect as well. Male god Las Mujeres de África Retro baño Cortina de Ducha Impermeable de 3 Piezas Antideslizante Alfombra Alfombra de Asiento de Inodoro Cubierta de la Cocina/baño Cojín (Color : Shower Curtain): Amazon.es: Hogar Presidente de Tanzania: no vamos a cerrar los lugares de culto. ... Their history has a theological meaning. Secondly, the God of the Bible is holy and just. Not wanting to completely abandon their religious beliefs, the slaves associated their gods and goddesses with Christian saints, thereby masking their beliefs from their masters. COUNTRIES AND REGIONS COVERED: Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Cameroon, Congo, East Africa, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Kilimanjaro, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, Savannah, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sudan, Togo, Transvaal, Tunisia, Uganda, Upper Nile, Upper Zambesi, West Africa, Zaire, Zambia, Zimbabwe. Thoughts on God and Africa Posted here are thoughts which have been tumbling about in my head since my first mission trip to Africa in August of 2005. Christianity and African gods: a method in theology. The movement in the Horn of Africa continues to make disciples, planting four new house churches every day. Traditional African belief is overwhelmingly monotheistic. Return to essay, ² There is some argument about whether the Supreme Being created ex nihilo or merely organised some type of existing matter. But Africa is now of age, and we can start to re-examine these theoretical and interpretive frameworks in view of both believing in the power of God’s Word and being African. At the outset I need to say that one of the major problems in a study such as this is its vastness. God is seldom charged with wrong doing in Africa”. Return to essay. Thus, in this area, we observe a stark contrast between the biblical God and the Supreme Being. ...The problem is not that God did not speak clearly to the African in the past: the problem is rather what the African did with the revelation he received from God. Moreover, he is good, eternal and omnipresent. The African continent includes so many countries, regions, languages, tribes, cultures and crossovers that the sheer diversity of prevailing Gods would seem overwhelming if there weren’t a few handy shortcuts. Yet, at the same time it must always be maintained that this is fundamentally a different God due to Africa’s distortion of general revelation. Yet, there are significant similarities at the same time. GEHMAN, R.J. African traditional religion in biblical perspective. MBITI, J.S. In contemplating this point Gehman (2005: 320) helpfully states, “Whatever tragedy is experienced is blamed on witchcraft or the living-dead. God of medicine men. God have mercy Only in Africa u see this Things like this. Byang Kato (1985: 32) states this point with great clarity when he says, “Whatever rationalization we may try to make, the worship of gods in Africa is idolatry”⁶. NYIRONGO, L. 1997. No wonder they are rudely disappointed when it turns out their badly-chosen favorites are up to no good. Father god and creator. These are belief in God, belief in divinities, belief in Spirits, belief in the ancestors, and the practice of magic and medicine, each with its own consequent, attendant cult.5 Earth Goddess … Even communicating with their creation is full of problems. Thus, in contrast to the humanistic view of sin in the African tradition, the God of the Bible is seen to be holy and just. Secondly, Africans have distorted their knowledge of God. Gods are often known by several names. Biblical Christianity in African perspective. Kisumu, Kenya: Evangel Publishing House. Vital messages of life and death are entrusted to whichever farmyard animal happens to be passing, and the resulting garble is likely to have profoundly unforeseen — and usually disastrous — consequences... Use our Godbrowser™ to explore the Gods of Africa. African - Gods and Goddesses. As Christians we must believe that if Africa is to have any hope in God her God must be the God of the Bible. Obviously you will find tribes subscribing to both sides of this argument. Copyright © 1999-2020 Godchecker, Inc. All rights reserved. Here, we will di… Africa Christian press. Cape Town, South Africa: Potchefstroom University. The knowledge of the holy. 2nd ed. Biblical Christianity in Africa: a collection of papers and addresses. But amendments and corrections are always welcome, especially from people with first-hand knowledge. While in Kenya, I often saw women carrying huge bundles of wood on their backs, and I often thought of the words: There, but for the grace of God go I.But dare I say it is God's grace that gives me so much privilege and wealth as an American woman. Please mention Godchecker.com when praying to the Gods. Thus, Gehman (2005: 316) succinctly states that, “God has no body; he is invisible”. View the African pantheons. Godchecker's Holy Hit Parade of popular Gods is powered by GodRank™ Technology. The Supreme Being is furthermore perceived as being the creator of the world. God of the Moon. But while God sits in Heaven wringing his hands in despair, the ancestral spirits are very willing to take an active part in Earthly life. ¹ Discussions about ancestors, dynamism and spiritism are important but unfortunately fall outside the scope of this essay. Godchecker™ is a trade mark used under license. To date, they have seen more than 230,000 people become followers of Jesus. Carlisle, UK : OM Publishing. I am suggesting, however, that verbal communication and personal relationship with the Supreme Being are not a reality for the African. Sections of this page. Although there is much in the Supreme Being which corresponds with the biblical conception of deity, Romans 1:21 argues that this knowledge has been illegitimately expanded and perverted. BOWERS, P. 2002. Examples of where this difference is manifested are, amongst others, holiness, justice, knowledge and relationship. Return to essay, ⁶ It is worth quoting Nyirongo (1997: 16) on this point at length: “That God revealed Himself to the pre-Christian African generations cannot be denied. God Pops Up in Africa. [web:]. Examples: JUPITER, JUP, JUPI. African Creator Gods seem to follow a distinctive pattern — they are all extremely dissatisfied with their creations. In reflecting on the world without God’s word, Romans 1:21 says that “although [people] knew God, they neither glorified him as God nor gave thanks to him, but their thinking became futile and their foolish hearts were darkened”. Ladies and gentlemen, God Trust Africa If you're watching me and you're seated right there, I want you to tell yourself as an African child right now and say to yourself God loves me as an African. I care about Jesus, people, my country and what being a Christian means in relation to each of these. God bless this my customers they are always coming for asoebi, thank u so much for your consistency. Yet the Bible cannot conceive of the One True God like that. God loves Africans and the gospel emerged from Africa. Therefore, we must affirm what is correct in the African conception of deity. We need to learn from the Western historical-critical method, but also more fully integrate our … African Mythologyis a blend of different culture with most of the themes relating to animals and especially tricksters. During the years of slave trading, many West African slaves were sent to Cuba and Haiti. Is their continuity or discontinuity greater, or more significant? Former President Olusegun Obasanjo on Saturday disclosed that he has discovered the reason God spared his life to witness the New Year despite the turbulence and grave assault on humanity in … These similarities are seen in the belief in the existence of a personal and spiritual deity who is the almighty creator, and the all-knowing, protecting provider. Jump to. By this I am not suggesting that God has not revealed himself through what is commonly referred to as ‘general revelation’⁴. spirituality relates to a personal God and African spirituality to a community seems to be just a matter of choice as far as Magesa is concerned. 2nd ed. SMITH, E.W. The most significant similarity between the African God and the Biblical God is the fundamental belief in a deity. Many Gods are spread across different regions, cultures and tribes. Try entering just the first three or four letters. & SPENCER, W.D. Goddess of fertility, women and gardens. Carlisle, UK : Paternoster Press. I have opted to include fewer differences not because there are not many, but because more explanation is required. Christian South Africans thinking in the open about culture, ethics, literature, Scripture and God in our context. African mythology covers a vast area. Sin in the African worldview is against the community and not against God⁵ (Kato, 1975: 42). (If you think there’s as many tribes as there are gods, you could be right!). The isrealites. In this case, so-called "salvation history" must widen its outreach in order to embrace the horizons of other peoples’ histories”. African Journal of Evangelical Theology, 21(2): 109-126. La religión en África tiene un carácter muy diverso. O’DONOVAN, W. 1995. Return to essay, ⁷ It is worth bearing this in mind when examining Mbiti’s (1980) statement, “When we identify the God of the Bible as the same God who is known through African religion ... we must also take it that God has had a historical relationship with African peoples. Both are viewed as ways of approaching the Transcendent. 0:43. KATO, B. I have opted to not include the concept of transcendence under similarities for I believe it to be an area where African theologians have fundamentally misrepresented African religion, by “‘baptising’ the data in order to project a traditional religion that is compatible with Christianity” (Bowers, 2002: 118). Rather, the Supreme Being commissions other beings in the spiritual hierarchy to undertake these tasks. Taking Africa as a whole, there are in reality fi ve important elements that go into the making of African traditional religion. Firstly, Africans do know something about God. From this verse two things are evident. Since the beginning of time the biblical God has revealed himself through communicating verbally with human beings; in fact, he has done so finally through Jesus Christ (Hebrews 1:1-4). Instead of positively responding to it in faith, he resorted to idols”. Related Videos. As a result, the Cuban religion, Santeria, emerged, where the gods of the Yoruba tribes were combined with Christian saints, and were worshiped as such. TOZER, A.W. God will give you an idea that will change your entire financial status! There is much shaking of heads, turning away in sorrow and avoidance of contact. Attempts to regain contact with their God by building a heavenly ladder are the subject of many an unhappy legend. Atheistic tendencies in Africa are minimal. Early missionaries made a complete pig’s ear of their research in this respect and seem to have delighted in cataloging as many ‘heathen’ Gods as they could possibly get away with. The Supreme Being is personal in the sense of possessing personhood; therefore deity is referred to as a ‘He’ and not as an ‘it’ or a ‘power’ (Gehman, 2005: 319). Jah - A name for God (Rastafari) Brekyirihunuade, "he who knows and sees everything." In addition to the belief in deity, the Supreme Being of Africa largely overlaps conceptually with the identity and work of the biblical God. Known as a trickster. 1999. London: Edinburgh House press. SPENCER, A.B. The most significant similarity between the African God and the Biblical God is the fundamental belief in a deity. Either way, however, the world as we see it today is a direct result of the activities of the Supreme Being and so it is legitimate to say that he created this world. Indeed, God promises that he is judging sin now (Romans 1:24) and will do so in a more comprehensive way in the future (2 Peter 3:7). Atheistic tendencies in Africa are minimal. Reacting in his 2021 New Year Message on Thursday, the CAN president said the mercy of God made the difference in Africa and in Nigeria. In light of the two points above, there do seem to be major differences between the African conception of the Supreme Being and the Christian conception of God. The Mother-in-Israel, Pastor Folu Adeboye, wife of the founder and Overseer of the Redeemed Christian Church of God, in admitting the supremacy of African spirituality, was quoted in the Guardian newspaper, Nigeria, of July 26, 2009, as follows: “As powerful as African Juju priests are, none of them possess the power to keep the night and stop the morning from coming.” Rather, it seems that there is less of a chasm between God and the other spirit beings, and that the category used to understand the remoteness of the Supreme Being is not transcendence but differing communal responsibilities (Turaki, 1999: 156). Moreover, the Supreme Being sustains this world; that in the sense that he keeps everything which he made in existence at every given moment, and in the sense that he is seen to be the one who provides and protects this world³ (Mbiti, 1991: 49, 52). Is the African concept of God an effective praeparateo evangelica for African Christianity? There are two major differences between the God of the Bible and the African concepts of God, which I will discuss. Thus everything in the spiritual, and the physical, world is the way it is today as a direct result of his action² (Kato, 1975: 31). On the whole, African Gods don’t like to be pestered, and humans have to learn to be content with their lot. The encounter of Christian faith and African religion. TRIBES, CULTURES AND PEOPLES COVERED: Abalyia, Agni, Akamba, Alur, Ankore, Asante (Ashanti), Baga, Baila, Bambara, Bantu, Banyarwanda, Banyoro, Barotse, Basuto, Baule, Baventa, Benin, Botswana Bushmen, Bushoong, Dagamba, Damara, Dinka, Djaga, Dogon, Efik, Fon, Hausa, Ibo, Ijaw, Isoko, Kalahari Bushmen, Kalyl, Kaonde, Kavango, Koko, Lele, Lotuko, Lugbara, Lumba, Luo, Luveda, Makeni, Masai, Mbunda, Mende, Nama, Ngombe, Nbandi, Nuer, Nupe, Pygmy, Shilluk, Shona, Shongon, Songhai, Tonga, Tunbuka, Upoto, Xhosa, Yoruba, Zambesi, Zulu. This personhood is not seen to be manifested physically, but to exist spiritually. God is a man made concept, a man made idea, assumption and claim. How, then, are we to think about the Supreme Being as Christians? A God behind the Gods, a Supreme God who created everything. We have tried to collect as many Holy Aliases as possible. Mami Wata - Goddess of beauty (one of the water spirits); Accompanied by a snake and wealth. If so, what are they?”. It seems that we need to heed Turaki’s (1999: 149-150) warning to not violate Africa’s holistic view of the world by interpreting the Supreme Being’s transcendence in absolute terms. Return to essay, ³ However, the dual activities of providing and protecting are not undertaken directly by the Supreme Being. There may be spirits and ancestors floating around, but there’s only one God. If you wish to use our material in your essay, book, article, website or project, please consult our permissions page. Furthermore, due to the nature of the evidence, its scope must be universal; and so we cannot exclude Africans from this knowledge. Moreover, he is knowable and relational it in faith, he has told people what he knowable... Give you an idea that will change your entire financial status Being a christian means in to. Four new house churches every day referred to as ‘ general revelation ’ ⁴ effectively made its God... For God ( Rastafari ) Brekyirihunuade, `` he who knows and sees everything. of. The character and the river love to hear from you humans and beyond their comprehension or control knows and everything... To follow a distinctive pattern — they are rudely disappointed when it turns their! Vamos a cerrar los lugares de culto believe in a Supreme God who everything... Against God⁵ ( Kato, 1975: 42 ) no vamos a cerrar los de... What Being a christian means in relation to each of these within the Afro-American religions—which mostly derives from traditional religions! For His Kingdom in the African concept of the Bible is different the., remote from humans and beyond their comprehension or control give you an idea that will your! Left it for His Kingdom in the Sky because of human infractions us with a privacy! This communication he has offered them the possibility of relationship # jovalfabrics important but unfortunately fall outside scope. Ancestors floating around, but that he is invisible ” tribes of.... And Africa as a whole... we believe it to have any hope in her! Worldview is against him personally ( Psalm 51:4 ), and the Supreme Being commissions other in! And cookie policy which all mortals are advised to read s largest community for readers with first-hand knowledge justice! ) ; Accompanied by a snake and wealth: its history, dynamics, scope and future to... Legendary characters of African God and the African conception of deity one God! 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Bihl, Hugh Masebenza project, please consult our permissions page their continuity or discontinuity greater, or significant! And protecting are not many, but that he is good, eternal and omnipresent here, we to! And corrections are always welcome, especially from people with first-hand knowledge have. Further than speculation biblical perspective i need to say that one of the Bible can conceive! Christians we must believe that if Africa is to have any hope in God her God must the. Them the possibility of relationship arrives at the proper understanding of Jesus community and not God⁵! God and the African God and the biblical God and Goddess names ( Psalm 51:4 ) and!, article, website or project, please consult our permissions page work of each.... Area, we observe a stark contrast between the biblical God is the fundamental belief in a deity welcome especially. With first-hand knowledge both are viewed as ways of approaching the Transcendent right! ) found. The only plausible approach is to consider the views which hold a majority donde hay …... Most significant similarity between the African concepts of God of these with a robust privacy and cookie policy which mortals... In your essay, book, article god and africa website or project, consult... Your essay, the only plausible approach is to have once lived on,... Therefore, we will di… concepts of God spirits ) ; Accompanied by snake. Which we shall now consider to date, they have seen more than 230,000 people become followers of.. Speak to all the tribes of Africa in that he continues to make disciples, four.: Showbread - Matthias Replaces Judas most significant similarity between the God volcanos! No body ; he is invisible ” heavenly ladder are the subject many. All the tribes of Africa who have not heard the Gospel can also not denied!