Natural areas may contain unstable surfaces, rattlesnakes, poisonous plants, and stinging insects. The adult massasauga can measure from 2.5 – 3 feet in length. The snake is listed as threatened because of loss of population throughout its range. Most common bites tend to be at the boot top level when someone steps on or over the snake, because it can't strike very high above ground. Main menu.

Photo via Michigan State University

. Copyright © 2021 Matthaei Botanical Gardens & Nichols Arboretum.Privacy. Adult massasauga snakes are usually 18.5 inches - 30 inches long, but the record, according to MSU, is 39.5 inches. The massasauga is native to the lower peninsula of Michigan and several other Great Lakes states. The eastern massasauga is a small, thick-bodied rattlesnake that lives in shallow wetlands and adjacent uplands in portions of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin, and Ontario. MSU says the tail doesn't always rattle a warning, but it is a distinct segmented rattle. Fish and Wildlife Service protects the eastern massasauga rattlesnake under the Endangered Species Act. The massasauga can also be found in many counties of Michigan’s Lower Peninsula as well as several other states, including Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin, and parts of Ontario, Canada. In a project managed by the Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake Species Survival Plan® (SSP) and Lincoln Park Zoo, more than 20 zoos, the Edward Lowe Foundation, Northern Illinois University, and several wildlife agencies are studying a healthy massasauga population in Michigan. The U.S. Where do Eastern Massasauga rattlesnakes live … The Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake Species Survival Plan® is a collaborative science-based management program of the Association of Zoos and Aquariums. Throughout its range, biologists have confirmed that less than half of the eastern massasauga’s historical populations still exist. EMR is state listed as “species of special concern” (Michigan DNR 2015). Search. The Botanical Gardens has a model of the snake at its front desk and information about the snake in its visitors guide. The eastern massasauga rattlesnake is a keystone species and fits into nature like a puzzle piece. Size of Eastern Massasauga: The adults in these species usually attain the size between 18 – 30 inches. Do not cut or use ice on the wound, and do not fit a tourniquet on the affected leg or arm. The general appearance of the eastern massasauga can vary, with some indi-viduals having brown blotches on a gray background and others being almost completely black in color. It also has a rattle on its tail. Try to move as little as possible because venom spreads more rapidly if you walk fast or run. The eastern massasauga rattlesnake (Sistrurus catenatus catenatus) is a unique and fascinating part of Michigan's natural heritage. Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake SSP. Its body is gray or grayish-brown with dark blotches edged in white with spots down the back and sides. That's more than three feet. Sistrurus catenatus catenatus Juvenile from southeast Michigan. MSU says if you get bit, move away from the snake and wait for help to arrive, or go to the nearest hospital immediately. Many animals depend on it for food, such as hawks, eagles, herons and foxes). The eastern massasauga is listed as an endangered species in Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Minnesota, Missouri (also considered extirpated), New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin. The Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake, sometimes called the Michigan Rattlesnake, Prairie Massasauga, or Swamp Massasauga, is one of several Michigan-native snakes, but is Michigan’s only venomous snake. There are several lookalike snakes in Michigan, including the Eastern Milk Snake, the Eastern Fox Snake, the Eastern Hog Nose Snake and the Northern Water Snake. According to MSU, the Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnakes are shy and will avoid humans. Posted on August 8, 2014 by Michigan Nature Association. Lake Michigan Ecological Research Station 1100 N. Mineral Springs Road Porter, IN 46304 January 10, 2005 Great Lakes Network Report GLKN/2005/02 . Reply. Our goal is to document their distribution and help measure changes or … The eastern massasauga rattlesnake, Michigan's lone venomous viper, is the scariest snake you've probably never seen — except in pictures, perhaps. You can also visit the Michigan DNR website for more information. In summer they migrate to drier upland sites. UM Board of Regents. Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake in Michigan March 14, 2017 Background The Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake (EMR) is listed as a threatened species under the U.S. The massasauga is a shy, timid snake that will usually flee if disturbed. The Eastern massasauga rattlesnake is Michigan's only venomous snake, according to the state's Department of Natural Resources. In the USA, this rattlesnake is a candidate species being considered for federal protected status. 732 likes. Populations of this snake have declined so much that it is now necessary to work to conserve it or it could go extinct in the future. Michigan, the only state in which it is not considered endangered, lists it as "special … The Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake (Sistrurus catenatus catenatus) is a declining species which appears to have highly specific but poorly understood hibernation requirements. As with all wild animals, give the massasauga distance and respect. Michigan Natural Features Inventory P.O. The U.S. FWS's Threatened & Endangered Species System track information about listed species in the United States While Michigan and other Great Lakes states are considered a stronghold for the Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake, the snake is still a rare sight for visitors to the Botanical Gardens. The Act protects the EMR and their habitat by prohibiting “take” and may require agencies to coordinate with the U.S. The Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnakes … Matthaei-Nichols also offers a brief, helpful presentation on the massasauga. The massasauga is a shy, timid snake that will usually flee if disturbed. It is a small- to medium-sized snake, with adult lengths averaging 2 to 3 feet. Up to half of all bites are “dry,” with no venom occurring. Copyright 2018 Scripps Media, Inc. All rights reserved. This was an Eastern massasauga rattlesnake, according to the Michigan Department of Natural Resources. “Gray Rattlesnake” is a named used in both Iowa and parts of Canada. It is Michigan's only venomous snake, and one of only two rattlesnake species that occur in the Great Lakes region. Sign up to receive updates on news and events. While Michigan and other Great Lakes states are considered a stronghold for the Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake, the snake is still a rare sight for visitors to the Botanical Gardens. The massasauga is the state's only venomous snake and rattlesnake,… Michigan Web Design by Boxcar Studio, The Virtual Bard: Shakespeare in the Arb Online, Michigan DNR website for more information, brief, helpful presentation on the massasauga. To address this gap in our knowledge, I conducted a study to assess hibernation site selection and overwintering ecology of the Eastern Massasauga in northern Michigan. They prefer to avoid contact with humans. Range: The eastern massasauga’s range extends from southern Ontario and western New York west through Michigan and southern Wisconsin to southeastern Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Best Survey Period. Historically, they could be found in a variety of wetlands and nearby upland woods throughout the lower peninsula. Stay on the lawns and trails. Michigan has the largest population of Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnakes in the country, despite the population declining. They prefer to avoid contact with humans. Michigan DNR Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake 60-Second Snakes Video; Life History & Michigan History. Keep children at a safe distance and pets on a leash. Michigan has the largest population of Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnakes in the country, despite the population declining. The Eastern Massasauga is listed as state Endangered in all Midwest states save Michigan, where it is considered a species of Special Concern. Diet: Massasaugas are primarily diurnal ambush predators that wait motionless for unsuspecting prey, but some active foraging may occur (Ernst and Ernst 2003). Department of Natural Resources - Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake Browsers that can not handle javascript will not be able to access some features of this site. 2005. Just know when you hear names like this, they are typically referring to the Eastern Massasauga. The status in Michigan is 'special concern'. There have been no reported fatalities from massasauga bites in more than 50 years. Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake SSP. If you are bitten, stay calm and seek medical attention as quickly as possible. Eastern Massasauga Species Guidance 2 PUB-ER-713 (last updated May 7, 2019) catenatus tergeminus, and the desert massasauga; Sistrurus catenatus edwardsii) that make up the rest of the massasauga’s range. Michigan is one of the few places where Eastern Massasauga rattlesnakes seem to be doing reasonably well, though populations are declining here as well. The eastern massasauga is a small venomous rattlesnake found in the northeastern United States. Characteristics of Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake. The eastern massasauga is primarily associated with wetland habitats but some populations also utilize adjacent upland habitats for parts of its life history. U.S. Geological Survey, Porter, IN, for National Park Service Great Lakes Inventory and Monitoring Network Report GLKN/2005/02. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed. The Service is working with the states of Michigan and Illinois to monitor and survey this proposed threatened species. There have been 150 site reports in … It also helps keep rodent and insect populations in check. Michigan Farmer and State Journal of Agriculture - Household Supplement; Michigan Potato Research Reports Collection; Michigan Tradesman Collection; Midwest Chicano Latino Activism Collection; Radicalism Posters Collection; Red Cedar Review; Shaping the Values of Youth; Turfgrass Information Center Resource Archive ; Australian Turfgrass Management Journal; Connecticut Clippings; Dr. … There have been 150 site reports in 5 counties over the last decade. Photo by Abbey Kucera/USFWS Michigan is the last stronghold for the eastern massasauga rattlesnake. Michigan's only venomous snake is a rare sight for most state residents. The snake is usually found in or near wetland habitats in the state. The massasauga is listed as a “species of special concern” by the Michigan Department of Natural Resources, and is protected by state law. Michigan, a state in the Great Lakes and home to some very dangerous animals. Newer posts → More on Lake Erie’s algae blooms, the Toledo water crisis and looming urban sprawl: this week in environmental news. The eastern massasauga rattlesnake (EMR) is the only freeranging venomous snake in Michigan. Home; About Us; Events; Links; Send us your ideas; Tag Archives: Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake Post navigation. Endangered Species Act (Act). The Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake Species Survival Plan® is a collaborative science-based management program of the Association of Zoos and Aquariums. The Michigan DNR says that the Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake (Sistrurus catenatus catenatus) is Michigan’s only venomous snake. The sightings tend to be in clusters, including in Oakland, Livingston, Jackson and Washtenaw counties. No. - Michigan has been described as its last stronghold (Szyman; Lee ski 1998and Legge 2000). Protecting Michigan's Natural Heritage Since 1952. If you do see one, please report the sighting to the front desk at Matthaei or fill out an observation report on the DNR’s website. Status of the eastern massasauga rattlesnake at Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore. Do not handle the snake or pose with the massasauga for photo opp. The Eastern Massasauga Rattelesnake is the only venomous snake of the 18 species of snake that reside in the state. Now, we don’t want to put you off visiting Michigan because it’s a great place to jet off to, but in this article we’re going to be telling you about the 7 most dangerous animals in Michigan, so if you do happen to stumble across one, there won’t be any need to look up what it is on Google. What should I do if I see a massasauga? There are a number of signs posted on the grounds to alert guests to the potential presence of the rattlesnakes. DESCRIPTION: The eastern massasauga (Sistrurus c. catenatus) is a small to medium sized rattlesnake, with adults typically reaching lengths of approxi-mately 18 to 30 inches. Some functions of this site are disabled for browsers blocking jQuery. In Michigan, you will hear “Michigan Rattler” or “Swamp Rattler” quite often. If it doesn't feel threatened, it will even let you pass without revealing location. As a result of the tremendous declines experienced by this species, the Eastern Massasauga has been added to the U.S. The Botanical Gardens serves as natural habitat for the eastern massasauga rattlesnake. The massasauga’s habitats include fens, wet meadows, and floodplain forests during the spring, fall, and winter. “ take ” and may require agencies to coordinate with the states of Michigan Illinois... Habitat by prohibiting “ take ” and may require agencies to coordinate with the states Michigan! 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